Peel Island and Fantome Island
Located about 2 1/2 miles off the coast of Queensland, the facility on Peel Island opened in 1907 to isolate individuals from Queensland State who were diagnosed with leprosy. People from smaller facilities on two other islands were transferred to Peel Island. Once sent there, individuals were further segregated by race; Caucasians lived in one compound and Aboriginals, Torres Strait Islanders and South Sea Islanders lived in another compound where accommodations were more crudely constructed.
In 1939 a new facility was opened on Fantome Island strictly for Aboriginals, Torres Strait Islanders and South Sea Islanders from Queensland. Individuals living on Peel Island were then transferred to Fantome Island.
Peel Island which closed in 1959 and Fantome Island which closed in 1973 are both listed on the Queensland Heritage Register. Fantome Island is also part of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Site.
photo/upper: Newly built huts (no longer standing) for indigenous patients, built by boys in photo who are from Baramba and Myora, Peel Island, 1907
photo courtesy John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, Australia
photo/lower: Possible fumigation shed, Fantome Island
photo courtesy Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Australia